In any highly automated equipment, whether it is a linear automatic machine, a monoblock or a packaging line, there is always a conveyor system. The conveyor is a connecting element in the complex and provides timely supply of containers from one functional section to another. According to the constructive device and the principle of operation, conveyors are divided into several types, the most common of which are slat conveyors and belt-type conveyors.
Principle of operation and advantages of a belt-type conveyor
A belt-type conveyor consists of:
• drive roll;
• conveyor drive (motor reducer);
• tension drum;
• tension unit;
• carrier belt;
• case (frame).
The main working body of the belt-type conveyor is a belt made of polyester, polypropylene, nylon, polyamide or combined fabrics. After starting the electric motor, the rotation of the drive roll begins, as a result of contact with which the belt is driven. Due to the small number of metal elements, conveyors of this type have a relatively low weight and develop a high speed of operation. Due to the absence of swiveling parts requiring regular lubrication, ease of maintenance is achieved.
Features and advantages of the slat conveyor
A slat conveyor consists of:
• feed drive;
• conveyor belt;
• sliding guides of the conveyor belt;
• guides with supports;
• belt tension adjustment unit;
• driven roller.
The belt of the slat conveyor is a web of two metal chains that move in an annular manner. The plates close together, forming a single scaly belt. Unlike belt conveyor belts, conveyors of this type have a longer working life due to the low wear of the elements. The metal sheet provides the ability to transport a wide range of goods, including containers with a hot product.
Any conveyor system, regardless of the design variety, can have a track of various lengths. By location relative to the plane of the base, the conveyors are horizontal, inclined and combined. Often for the most compact and rational placement the equipment is complemented by turntable sections. When designing a conveyor line, the rationality of dividing the conveyor between sections should be taken into account. This will allow you to optimally configure the speed of each part for the operation of individual machines (washing, dosing, capping and others).